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What Is the Pythagorean Theorem and When Is It Used?

What is the Pythagorean theorem: Graph of how the sum of the squares creates the right triangle ABC

What is the Pythagorean theorem? It’s a trigonometry equation used to find the length of one side of a right triangle. Though similar concepts had been discovered by the Babylonians, Greek Mathematician Pythagoras was the first person to come up with a geometric proof about how the sum of the squares of the lengths can determine the side lengths of a right triangle.

Pythagoras determined that when three squares are arranged so that they form a right angle triangle, the largest of the three squares must have the same area as the other two squares combined. In the picture below, you can see how the sum of the squares creates the right triangle ABC.

This realization about the area of the squares led to the Pythagoras theorem:

What is the Pythagorean theorem: a2+b2=c2 formula

Squares are different from other parallelograms and trapezoids because all their sides are equal lengths. So since squares are made up of four equal sides, you can see that each individual square makes up a side of the right triangle.

The length of the largest square, which we'll call length c, is the length of the hypotenuse. (The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle.) The smaller squares make up the other two sides of the right triangle.

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Here’s How Vector Subtraction Works

Graph showing the process of vector subtraction

A vector is a term used to define any line segments with a specified starting and ending point. All vectors are drawn at an angle and have a specified direction. Learning to subtract vectors is helpful when you need to see how much one vector must travel to get to the other.

Vector subtraction is the process of subtracting the coordinates of one vector from the coordinates of a second vector.

See the example below. The coordinates of vector a are marked as (3,3) and the coordinates of vector b as (1, 2).

When subtracting vectors, you must take the first vector quantities and subtract the second quantity. Let's subtract vector b from vector a:

Formula for vector subtraction

Formula for vector subtraction

Formula for vector subtraction

Your resultant vector coordinates for this particular example are (2, 1).

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